Transport Infrastructure

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Present Scenario and Strengths:

  • India has the world’s second largest road network, aggregating over 3.34 million km and carry about 65 per cent of freight and 80 per cent of passenger traffic
  • Indian railways system has the largest rail network in Asia and is the world’s second largest working under a single management.
  • The Indian coast line comprises of 12 major ports,187 minor ports and ranks 16th among the maritime countries and has one of the largest merchant shipping fleet
  • India has the 3rd largest aviation market, after USand China
  • The transport sector is also the second largest consumer of energy, next only to industry and commercial energy consumption
  • India’s first private airport in the country: Bengaluru International Airport
  • Bangalore is India’s third city to get metro rail. Phase I is operational and is 42.3 km long. It is proposed to have 134 km of metro rail length by 2017.
  • The 9th major port in India is the New Mangalore Port with the deepest inner harbor on the western coast of India.
  • Budget Allocation: Budgetary Allocations for Infrastructure Sector, especially for improving Air, Rail and Marine connectivity has increased at 63% from US $ 88.5 million in 2009-10 to US $ 143 million in 2010-11.

Investment Potential:

  • Airport: Development of low-cost regional airports and airstrips with investments of US$ 542-million in a public- private-partnership mode.
  • Port: Expansion of major ports and construction of new ports.
  • Road: The Government of India has provided US$ 34.4- million (! 165-crore) in Viability Gap Funding Grant and Government of Karnataka has allocated US$ 19.2-million (92-crore) for PPP-based projects on development of roads.
  • Rail:
    • PPP-based projects for expansion of railway connectivity within the state of Karnataka.
    • The aim it to improve rail connectivity to ports.
    • A high speed train link is planned to Bangalore International Airport from Bangalore city.
    • 134 km in Mass Rapid Transit System with investment potential of US$ 5,625-million
  • Logistics: Road and Rail infrastructure, and growth in presence of third- and fourth-party logistics providers